Band Scores Full Guide: Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking - Kvsm.org

Introduction: Band Scores for Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking 

In this article you will be able to know the RIGHT way to calculate International English Language Testing System - IELTS Band Scores chart for listening, reading, writing, speaking and how they are calculated with free resources and tips at the end to help you in various modules.

What is a Band Score in IELTS?

IELTS Band Scores
Source

The range of number 0-9 (Poor-Perfect) given to the students giving the IELTS exam.

There are total 4 modules [ Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking ] based on your number in each module, your overall band scores are calculated by taking the average band scores of these 4 modules.

Further, these 4 individual modules are divided into various parts to give you the overall band scores of one particular module.

1. Listening:

IELTS Listening
Source

There are total 4 sections, which means there are four different types of listenings in one listening module with different levels of difficulty.

2. Reading:

IELTS Reading
Source

There are total 3 sections, here also three paragraphs on three different topics with different levels of difficulty.

3. Writing:

IELTS Writing
Source

There are 4 sections

• Grammar Range and Accuracy: 0-9 Band. How much variety and accuracy of grammar do you show.

• Coherence and Cohesion: 0-9 Band. How well you link your sentences and ideas.

• Lexical Resources: 0-9 Band. How well you use less common words but a RELEVANT one.

• Task Response: 0-9 Band. What you answered to the questions. 

Q. Wages should increase or decrease?

A. You explained all on Poverty and the Job market.

Result: (

4. Speaking:

IELTS Speaking
Source

It also has 4 sections

• Grammar Range and Accuracy: 0-9 Band. How much variety and accuracy of grammar do you show.

• Pronunciation: 0-9 Band. How well you speak ( accent doesn't matter) but if you are saying "Accounts" as "AccUnts" then it may reduce your band scores.

• Lexical Resources: 0-9 Band. How well you use less common words but a RELEVANT one.

• Fluency: 0-9 Band. How smoothly you speak, without long pauses, repetitive self-corrections.


• Don't know about IELTS test format - Read more


How to calculate IELTS Listening Band Scores?

IELTS listening
Source

To calculate listening band scores, you have to give your listening test and then calculate how many numbers you got and then match those numbers with the following Listening Band Score Chart.

IELTS Listening Band Score Chart, Table, List

Number Band Score
40-39 9
38-37 8.5
36-35 8
34-32 7.5
31-30 7
29-26 6.5
25-23 6
22-18 5.5
17-16 5
15-13 4.5
12-10 4
9-8 3.5
7-6 3
5-4 2.5

How to calculate IELTS Reading Band Scores?

IELTS Reading
Source

The way of calculating reading band scores is exactly the same as the listening one, you have to score number and then check with the below given Reading Band Score Chart.

IELTS Reading Academic (AC) Band Score Chart, Table, List

NumberBand Score
40-399
38-378.5
36-358
34-337.5
32-307
29-276.5
26-236
22-195.5
18-155
14-134.5
12-104
9-83.5
7-63
5-42.5


IELTS Reading General (GT) Band Score Chart, Table, List

NumberBand Score
409
398.5
38-378
367.5
35-347
33-326.5
30-316
27-295.5
12-265
19-224.5
15-184
12-143.5
11-93
8-62.5

How to calculate IELTS Writing Band Scores?

IELTS writing
Source

This process is a bit more complex than the former one, as you already read above about the 4 sections of the reading module on which your band scores depend.

The Right way to calculate the reading band score is by adding all scores of individual sections then dividing by 4.

You know that IELTS Band Scores are always in 5, 5.5 / 6, 6.5 / 7, 7.5 sequences.

The number you will get after dividing can be 5.12 or 5.62 then how get the right band?

Simply follow this rule, if your number after division is closer to any nearest sequence of IELTS bands then that band score is your final.


For example:

Abc got: GR-5.5, CC-6, LR-5, TR-6

5.5+6+5+6= 22.5 then divide by 4 = 5.625

Now, he will get a 5.5 Band because 5.62 is more closer to 5.5 than 6 or 5.

Xyz got: GR-7, CC-6, LR-5, TR-6

8+6+7+6= 27 then divide by 4 = 6.75

Now, he will get 7 Band, not 6.5, If you get exactly the middle number like this then choose a higher side band and it is the same for 6.25 number, you will get 6.5 as 6.5 is higher than 6.25 and close to it.

QPR got: GR-5.5, CC-4, LR-5, TR-6

5.5+4+5+6 = 20.5 then divide by 4 = 5.12

Now, he will get 5 Band, because 5 is more closer than 5.5.


• (GR) Grammar Range and Accuracy:How much variety and accuracy of grammar you show.

• (CC) Coherence and Cohesion: How well you link your sentences and ideas.

• (LR) Lexical Resources: How well you use less common words but a RELEVANT one.

• (TR) Task Response: What you answered to the questions. 


Download the below-given PDF file, it is a Writing Band Descriptor through which you will be able to understand how many bands you can score if your writing is meeting certain criteria.

Writing Band Descriptor.pdf 112kb


Below is the simple summary of writing band descriptors

Band Score Grammatical Range Lexical Resources Coherence & Cohesion Task Response
9
Uses a variety of structures,
no or rare grammatical error 
Perfectly used vocabulary
in a natural way
Naturally uses cohesive devices
Fully answered all aspects with
well extended and supported ideas
8
Wide range of structures, majority
of sentences are error-free.
Good vocab, but occasional
spelling and word choice error
Logically uses all cohesion
Sufficiently addresses all parts with
well extended and supported ideas
7
Uses a range of complex sentences but
with few grammatical errors
Sufficient vocab, but some spelling
and word choice error
Uses a range of cohesive devices, sometimes
under or overuse, proper paragraphs
Fully extend ideas but there
can be over-generalisation
6
Use mix simple and complex sentences,
may make errors in complex sentences.
Adequate vocab, some choices or
spellings can be inappropriate
Uses cohesive devices effectively, 
but some can be mechanical (crammed)
Relevant but inadequate ideas,
repetitive or unclear conclusion
5
limited complex sentences with errors,
only correctly uses simple sentences
Limited vocab with noticeable
 spelling and word formation errors
Inadequate cohesion usage, mechanical,
repetitive and no paragraphs
Task not fully addressed, irrelevant
or no conclusion, underdeveloped ideas

How to calculate IELTS Speaking Band Scores?

IELTS Speaking
Source

Speaking band calculation is also similar to the reading but the parameters and criteria are different.

Check the Speaking Band Descriptor below to know more about how your bands are determined.

Speaking Band Descriptor.pdf 174kb


Below is the simple summary of writing band descriptors

Band Score Grammatical Range Lexical Resources Fluency & Coherence Pronunciation
9
Very less or no
grammatical error
Perfectly used less
common words and idioms
Able to speak fluently without
repetition and hesitation
Able to pronounce well that
the listener can understand easily
8
Majority of sentences
are error-free
Occasional errors
while using lexical resources
Fluent but some occasional
repetition or hesitation
Good pronunciation but
with few lapses
7
Uses a range of grammar but
with few grammatical mistakes
Have used and knowledge of LR, 
but few choices can be inappropriate
Explain in detail but shows
few repetition or hesitation
Overall good but few
mispronunciations 
6
Use limited simple and complex sentences,
may make errors in complex sentences.
Have enough vocab for the topic, some
choice can be inappropriate
Able to speak at length, few
connectors can be inappropriate,
some self-corrections
Able speak well but sometimes
lacks clarity in speaking words
5
Very limited complex sentences, only used
few basic level simple sentences
Uses limited vocab related
to topic
Speaks with self-corrections, overuse
few crammed connectors 
Limited pronunciation flexibility, 
mispronunciations and lapses are frequent


• Grammar Range and Accuracy: How much variety and accuracy of grammar you show.

• Pronunciation: How well you speak a word ( accent doesn't matter) but if you are saying "Accounts" as "AccUnts" then it may reduce your band scores.

• Lexical Resources: How well you use less common words but RELEVANT ones.

• Fluency: How smoothly you speak, without long pauses, repetitive self-corrections.


Free resources for practising IELTS reading, listening, writing and speaking.

These resources will help you in IELTS exam preparation.

Websites

ielts.org : Official website of IELTS
ielts.idp.com : Free tips and free test material for preparing IELTS exam.
    > https://ielts.idp.com/prepare/ielts-test-preparation-material


YouTube 

IELTS Liz : really good channels for writing tips and bits of advice.
E2 IELTS : Good for speaking and writing-related tips
Ross IELTS academy: for checking demo English speaking tests.
Academic English Help: for checking demo English speaking tests.


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